Experts Reveal What to Avoid When Using Retinol

On the subject of making a skincare routine that truly works, it isn’t nearly choosing the proper merchandise in your pores and skin kind and considerations. It is also important to make sure that the merchandise you are utilizing complement one another to keep away from any opposed reactions or diminished outcomes. In response to board-certified dermatologist Dr. Shari Marchbein, mixing substances with out correct data cannot solely be a waste of cash but in addition time, resulting in frustration if the specified outcomes will not be achieved or if the pores and skin turns into irritated.

One other vital issue to contemplate when curating your skincare routine is pores and skin irritation. Dr. David Lortscher advises that your skincare routine ought to embrace merchandise that work effectively collectively to stop over-drying, over-exfoliating, or irritating the pores and skin. Keep in mind, extra shouldn’t be at all times higher.

Professional Insights

Dr. Shari Marchbein is a board-certified dermatologist in New York Metropolis, whereas Dr. David Lortscher is a board-certified dermatologist and the CEO of Curology. Let’s delve into their expert-approved information to the dos and don’ts of blending skincare substances.


Retinol, a Vitamin A by-product, promotes pores and skin cell turnover, making it efficient for bettering wonderful traces, wrinkles, uneven texture, darkish spots, and zits. When incorporating retinol into your routine, it is essential to moisturize and put on sunscreen. Keep away from combining retinol with Vitamin C, benzoyl peroxide, or AHA/BHA acids to stop irritation and diminished efficacy.

How you can Use

Dr. Marchbein recommends moisturizing and utilizing humectant substances like hyaluronic acid when utilizing retinol. All the time put on sunscreen, particularly when utilizing retinol, as it may well improve solar sensitivity and the chance of solar harm.

What to Keep away from

Be cautious when combining retinol with AHAs, BHAs, or benzoyl peroxide, as they will result in extreme dryness and irritation. Vitamin C and retinol needs to be used at totally different instances of the day to maximise their advantages.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that brightens the pores and skin and reduces darkish spots. It really works greatest within the morning when used with different antioxidants like vitamin E and SPF. Layering vitamin C beneath sunscreen can improve its protecting advantages.

How you can Use

For optimum outcomes, use vitamin C within the morning for defense in opposition to free radical harm. Pairing it with different antioxidants and sunscreen can enhance its effectivity.

What to Keep away from

Keep away from combining vitamin C with retinol, as their features differ and will diminish their efficiency when used collectively.


Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) enhance pores and skin texture, tone, and deal with zits. Moisturizing after making use of AHAs and BHAs is essential to restrict irritation and dehydration. Sunscreen is crucial when utilizing these exfoliating acids to stop solar sensitivity.

How you can Use

Search for moisturizing substances like ceramides, hyaluronic acid, and glycerin to appease pores and skin after utilizing AHAs and BHAs. Combining a number of low-level AHA and BHA acids could be efficient for exfoliation.

What to Keep away from

Keep away from combining AHAs, BHAs, or retinoids on the identical day, as they will trigger extreme pores and skin sensitivity, irritation, and redness. Be cautious when mixing varied acids or exfoliants to stop irritation.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial ingredient that helps struggle zits. It may possibly trigger dryness and irritation, so it is important to make use of light, hydrating merchandise alongside it. Keep away from combining benzoyl peroxide with retinol to stop deactivation of each substances.

How you can Use

Use benzoyl peroxide with warning and guarantee your cleanser and moisturizers are light and hydrating to counteract its drying results. Layering benzoyl peroxide with prescription topical remedies like clindamycin can improve its efficacy.

What to Keep away from

Keep away from combining benzoyl peroxide with retinol to stop deactivation of each substances. If utilizing tretinoin, apply it within the night and benzoyl peroxide within the morning to reduce any potential interplay.

Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)

Niacinamide is an antioxidant that brightens pores and skin, evens out discoloration, and reduces irritation. It’s typically appropriate with most skincare substances however shouldn’t be used with vitamin C to stop diminished efficacy.

How you can Use

Niacinamide is well-tolerated by most pores and skin sorts and could be paired with varied merchandise in your routine for optimum outcomes. Use a leave-on product containing niacinamide for greatest outcomes.

What to Keep away from

Keep away from utilizing niacinamide with vitamin C, as these antioxidants might scale back one another’s efficiency when used collectively. House out the appliance of those substances by at the very least 10 minutes to stop interference.


Sunscreen is essential for shielding the pores and skin from most cancers, wrinkles, and sunspots. It needs to be layered over each different skincare product for efficient safety in opposition to UV harm and environmental aggressors.

How you can Use

Make SPF a non-negotiable step in your skincare routine and apply it as the ultimate layer to protect its protecting advantages.

What to Keep away from

Don’t combine sunscreen with make-up or moisturizer, accurately utilized as a single layer to make sure most safety.

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